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History of Stockings

It all started with the leg band. For the hunter was the most important tools a stone, they wrapped animal skins around their legs. In the Bronze Age, people began leather straps were bound around the feet and lower legs. There were only men who showed their legs. In the portrait gallery of fashion hosiery include the skin-tight trousers of the Trojans. From the 7th Century they wore the knee extended "Hosa". In the 9th century was the "hosa" the doublet, tied to the harness or to the breach. They sewed for extra protection from slipping down the straps, leather and fabric straps on the top of the leggings. With this fingering of the legging was attached to the breach. Fumble, the precursor of suspenders, they were in the 17th century replaced by hooks and eyes. In the 16th century arose the word for socks "hosa" because you probably thought about the look of leggings like it was a hollow tree. The word for stockings was tree stump. In English, refers Hosery = hosiery, Hoses = Socks.


Slipping socks and thus do not enjoy these "Cloth-hoses" fairly quickly replaced by purple silk stockings with embroidery and fashion (of course only the nobles). The common people choosed the alternative: knitting wool socks. The knitting became the standard, but the stocking were difficult to produce. The inventor, William Lee in 1589 developed a stocking loom, so he was able to work up to 10 times faster than a single worker.


In the 17th Century the women shows only their husband her black stockings. In the 18th Century ladies hosiery was born. Constructed of silk stockings were already quite chic: richly decorated and initially held with a ribbon. Men were given contrast stitching and embroidered gusset, and in winter they wore plain, warm wool socks. A sock accessory but experienced a breakthrough: the garter. The well-hidden lingerie accessory to decorate the most luxurious women's legs. Stockings and garter belts were important to a fashion item. Garters were knitted, crocheted or sewn. They were often occupied with beads, embroidery and painted garters. There has been less luxurious versions of linen or cotton. To impress the mistress of the man instead of jewelry garters gave love with printed invitations. In the men's fashion suspenders were made of used rubber. The currently rather ugly look rubber band fulfilled its purpose in the first garter fashion. From a medical point of view was the lashed band a disaster. A good alternative was therefore the elastic garter belt.


The reversal of hosiery

In the hosiery Wool sparked off the silk. Dresses and stockings get a sporty British character. Boot socks with breakthrough designs and embroideries were modern. It began with the mercerization and finishing processes by the color fastness of cotton improves. In men's hosiery area was calm. Men stockings are elegant and simple today. Socks in black, anthracite, brown, gray and beige colors with a subtle pattern. A perfect fit got the stockings on the leg by garters.


The hosiery mills produced cotton stockings on one machine (invented by William Cotton). The quality of the stockings has improved: fit and smoothness. In order to model parts of the body visually and to look slimmer, they sat one stockings, whose shading resembled a tall, narrow gusset. Drawback of artificial silk stockings were ladder and durability. They invented the rain-resistant, solid mesh sock: Finer qualities were problematic, as artificial silk is too thick. Another problem was that the reduction in gloss of the stockings by the copper shares did not seem possible. Pure silk stockings needed a successor, as the demand not by not stocking sufficient quantity of silkworm cocoon filaments could be covered.


Nylon revolutionized the market, however, Perlon was fixed by the entire properties and less on women's legs barely used. In times of war stockings were scarce by the extraction of raw materials. It began in the winter to knit wool socks again and stuffing holes because of the economy. In the case of large holes they cut the socks short to foot-savers. Nylons have to be painted, the stocking seams on the calves and browned the legs with makeup. In the postwar period there were brands like Julius Kunert, Edwin Roessler (Ergee), and Ernst and Hermann Bahner (Elbeo) thanks to the cotton machines were rebuilt and thus nylons could be produced.


The breakthrough of tights

In the 60s, the suture was replaced with a killer heel style of cotton machines: the seamless stocking. The preparation was carried out on the cheaper and much faster circular knitting machines. Years later the knitting machine replaced socks with limited pattern, socks were available in myriad designs with huge color selection.